ITALIAN WINE FACTS
- Wine has been produced in Italy for over 4,000 years
- Ancient Greeks dubbed it “Enotria” – land of wine
- Romans propagated the cult of Bacchus -establishing a flourishing wine trade thousands of years ago
- Leading producer of wine in the world
- Thousands of different wines are produced in Italy’s 20 regions
- Hundreds of different grape varieties
ITALIAN WINE LAWS
Vini Varietali & Vino (formerly Vino da Tavola)
- Simplest wines
- Few government controls
- New EU rules allow for use of following grapes with Country of Origin with/without vintage date:
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Cabernet Franc
- Wine – Red, White, Rose
IGT/IGP (Indication of Typical Geographic Origin)
- Less restrictive than DOC
- Some examples – Toscana (not every region has a general IGT), Maremma Toscana, Delle Venezie (inter-region Veneto /Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trentino-Alto Adige)
DOC/DOP (Denomination of Controlled Origin)
- 300 + wines from all 20 regions EEC = PDO/DOP – Protected Denomination of Origin/Denominazione di Origine Protetta
- Regulates geography, grapes, yields and in some cases – ageing
DOCG/DOP (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin)
- 74 Wines – only 15 regions EEC =PDO/DOP – Protected Denomination of Origin/Denominazione di Origine Protetta
- Most Restrictive Category.
- Further guarantee of authenticity.
- No wine law can guarantee quality, only producer can do that.
HOW ITALIAN WINES ARE NAMED
Grape Variety – Lambrusco, Sangiovese, Trebbiano, etc. Usually in conjunction with an IGT or DOC
Area/Zone of Production – Barolo, Chianti, Gavi, Valpolicella, etc.
Grape Variety and Area/Zone – Brunello di Montalcino, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Brachetto d’Acqui, etc.
Fantasy /Proprietary Names – Excelsus, Sassicaia, Summus, Tignanello, etc. Usually